Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that affects central vision. When cells break down in the macula, the central part of the retina, the result is loss of sight in the central field of vision. The macula is responsible for distinguishing fine detail and is vital for reading, watching television, and recognizing faces and colors. With AMD, the ability to see changes and day-to-day frustrations include: blurry vision; distorted lines; inability to view objects accurately; and difficulty reading, writing, and driving.
Although there are many exciting new treatments for wet AMD (one type of AMD) that can significantly slow its progression and even restore vision, there is still no cure. However, research suggests that lifestyle choices may make a difference and can reduce your risk of developing AMD. For example, eating the right foods such as eggs and leafy green vegetables may help. Protecting your eyes from the sun by wearing a hat and/or sunglasses every time you leave the house is also important.
Learn more about the disease and your risk of developing AMD by taking this Eye-Q quiz.